An ephah was the basic measurement of capacity that the Israelites used when measuring volumes of grain. It was equal to about thirty-seven litres (Lev 6:20; Ruth 2:17; 1 Sam 17:17). Over the years the word ‘ephah’ became also the name of the container people used to measure the grain (Lev 19:36; Amos 8:5; Zech 5:6-9). (For fuller details of the system that Israelites used to measure capacity see MEASUREMENT.)

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