What clothes did women wear in the time of Jesus

the israelite ladies

simlāh, kethōneth, sādhı̄n

In that the garments of a lady corresponded largely to those of men: they wore simlāh and kethōneth, visibly they also differed in certain points from those of men (Deuteronomy 22: 5). The ladies’ garments were possibly longer (compare Nahum 3:5, Jeremiah 13:22, Jeremiah 13:26, Isaiah 47:2), had sleeves (2Samuel 13:19), were presumably brighter colored and more ornate, and furthermore they may have been of finer material. Also used by the women was sadin, the finest underdres linen.


In addition, mention is made of the miţpaḥaţh (tichel), a kind of veil or shawl (Ruth 3:15). This was ordinarily a lady’s tie. Other than use by a bride or girlfriend (Genesis 24:65), prostitutes (Genesis 38:14), and probably others (Ruth 3:3), a lady has not been veiled (Genesis 12:14, Genesis 24:15). The custom present in the middle of this veiling of the face originates with Islam. According to the old laws, it reached from the forehead, from the next part of the head to the hips or below, and was like the neckerchief of the Palestinian lady in Palestine and Israel today.

Egyptian men and women

Jews visited Egypt in the Bible from the earliest patriarchs (beginning in Genesis 12:10-20), to the flight into Egypt by Joseph, Mary, and the infant Jesus (in Matthew 2:13-23). The most important example is the extended stay of Joseph (son of Jacob) being sold as a slave in Genesis 29, to the Exodus from Egypt in Exodus 14, throughout the Second Intermediate Period and New Kingdom. A large body of Jews (such as Jeremiah) also began permanent residence in Egypt upon the devastation of Jerusalem in 587 BC, throughout the Third Intermediate Period.

In Egypt, flax (flax) was the almost only textile in use. The wool used by the Israelites was popular, but it was considered unclean because animal fibers were considered taboo. Wool could only be used for coats (they were prohibited in temples and shrines). The fashion of Egypt has been originated to remain cool in the hot desert. Lower-class individuals wore only the loincloth (or schenti) that was common to all. The slaves constantly worked naked. Sandals were braided from leather or, especially for the bureaucratic and priestly classes, papyrus. Those in Egypt were mainly barefoot. The most common headdress was the klafta or nemes, a square of striped cloth worn by men.

Certain clothing was common to both sexes, such as the tunic and the tunic. About 1425 to 1405 BC, a light tunic or short-sleeved shirt was known, as well as a pleated skirt. Females often wore basic dresses, and women’s clothing remained unchanged for several thousand years, except for minor details. The draped clothing, in rather gigantic rolls, gave the impression of carrying various items. The clothing of the royal family, like the crowns of the pharaohs, was well documented. The pardalide (made from a leopard skin) was conventionally used as the clothing for priests.

Wigs, common to both sexes, were used by the wealthy population of society. Made from real human and horse hair, they had ornaments incorporated into them. The heads were shaved. Generally, boys were depicted with a lock of hair that hung on the sides of their heads.

Heavy and somewhat large jewelry was quite famous, regardless of social status. It was made of turquoise, metals like gold and silver, and small beads. Both men and women adorned themselves with earrings, bracelets, rings, necklaces, and neck collars that were brightly colored.

Greek men and ladies

The Greeks and Greek culture enter the Israelite world beginning with the early Maccabees. Similarly, the New Testament narrative (which has been written in Greek) entered the Greek world beginning with Acts 13.

Clothing in ancient Greece consisted primarily of chiton, peplos, himation, and chlamys. Despite the famous imagination and media representations of white-colored clothing, produced design and bright colors were favored. Greek clothing consisted of lengths of linen or woolen cloth, which was mainly rectangular. Clothing was fastened with ornamental brooches or pins, and a belt, sash, or cummerbund could secure the waist.

Peplos, Chitons

The inner tunic was a peplos or chiton. The peplos were used by the females. In most cases, it was a heavier woolen garment, more distinctively Greek, with shoulder closures. The prominent part of the peplos was folded at the waist to form an apoptygma. The chiton was an easy tunic of lighter linen, used by both sexes and each age. The men’s chitons hung down to the knees, in which the ladies’ chitons fell to the ankles. The chiton is constantly pleated.

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