Fable (gr. Múthos, “history”, “legend”, “myth”, “fable”). Historically false story, named to uncover a moral / spiritual admonition or convey an unrealistic statement. Some believe that the habit of this speech in heterogeneous locales (1 Tit 1: 4; 4: 7; 2 Tit 4: 4; Tit 1:14; 2pe 1:16) refers to certain wonderful accounts kept by the Jews, notarized later in pantomimes like the Mishnah (cf the “Jewish fables” alluded to in Titus 1:14); others believe that the “fables” mentioned in the Nt refer to certain legends of the Gnostics. Perhaps both elements of legends were in the minds of the executors of certain passages. On the other hand, understood in the strict sense as a reference of pure emblematic fantasy – in which through personifications of intractable entities, inanimate or imprecise a useful or moral lesson is given-, there are only 2 narratives in Holy Scripture (however the word is not mentioned): Jdg 9: 8-15; 2ki 14: 9 (2ch 25:18).

In its most popular meaning, the term fable refers to that fictional short story, written in prose or verse, which frequently has a didactic intention manifested in a moral. In the narratives, almost always, the characters by magnificence are animals or objectives that present and have some of the characteristics considered more human, such as jargon and plot, among others. That didactic intentionality that we mention and that stands out to the lie as one of its salient attributes, results from the benefit attributed to it and given in the Greco-Roman permanence, in which it was used by the pedagogical slaves to show the children that they had to cultivate, being paganism and its maxim about the impossibility of evolving the natural stipulation of things,

Later, with the transmission of Christianity and its more moral codes, the fables also changed their instructions a bit and began to project the decision of a change in quality with an intermingled moral process. Already in the nineteenth century, the trolley was remarkably widespread and turned into one of the intellectual characters with the most followers, a fact that contributed not exclusively to the expansion of the issues about what they dealt with, but also the first ones began to attend. specialized classes on them. Among its main characteristics, we can reduce the following: edifying or didactic content, there must always be a moral, which must be formulated at the end of it, a brief compendium in which there are enormously few characters, creative,

From the first to the novelty, many creators have been highlighted in the metier of lies, being Aesop, Babrio, Pedro Alfonso, Jean de la Fontaine, Ramón de Basterra, some of the most recognized. On the other hand, the history period is usually used in ordinary language when you want to give a note of a gossip or novelty and still to attribute to those stories that are characterized by their slander or invention. Meanwhile, in some places in space, the narrative voice is also used when you want to balance the theatricality or the enormously safe list that is little, for example, a hesitant, a site, among other issues.

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