Gethsemane was the name of a garden on the slopes of the Mount of Olives, just outside Jerusalem. Jesus went there frequently with his disciples (Luke 22:39; John 18:1-2) and prayed there in great agony the night before his crucifixion (Matt 26:30,36-45). The victory he won through that time of prayer enabled him to meet with confidence those who had come to the garden to arrest him (Matt 26:46-56; John 18:3-12). (Concerning the Mount of Olives see JERUSALEM, sub-heading ‘Mountains and hills’.)

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