The Bible lists 12 sons of the patriarch of Israel. Each of them became the father of a tribe of the ancient nation of Israel. Here is a list of the twelve tribes of Israel from Genesis 49:
Levi (this priestly tribe did not receive a territory and is sometimes not listed when the tribe of Joseph is listed as two separate tribes).
Joseph (often listed as two tribes named after his sons, Ephraim and Manasseh).
The twelve tribes of Israel were founded
Before Jacob (Israel) died, he passed on the “birthright blessings” to his grandsons, who were named Ephraim and Manasseh. Israel gave prophetic blessings to be fulfilled during a time called “the last days” to her 12 children (Genesis 49: 1).
In Genesis 48:16, Israel blessed both Ephraim and Manasseh, saying, “May my name remain in them and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac, and they may multiply greatly in the midst of the earth.” Israel decreed that their own name, “Israel,” and the name of their own father, “Isaac,” be placed on the descendants of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph, each of whom would become a different tribe. among them. Children of Israel (Genesis 48: 5). By doing this, Israel gave Joseph a double portion among the twelve tribes of Israel.
Israel predicted in Genesis 48:19 that even if the descendants of Manasseh became one great people (or nation), the descendants of Ephraim would become a “multitude of people.” Since Joseph became two tribes, this meant that there would be 13 tribes of Israel, although they were still known as the “12 tribes of Israel” because the priestly tribe, the Levites, did not receive a territorial inheritance in the Promised Land.
In the blessings of Genesis 49, Israel prophesied for each of the tribes designated with the names of their twelve sons. The twelve sons of Israel were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin. The tribe most recognized by modern readers is Judah. The descendants of Judah have been called “Jews” for a long time. But Judah is only one of the children of Israel. The vast majority of Israel’s descendants came from other children who did not call themselves Jews.